Polymeric nanoparticle-based nanovaccines for cancer immunotherapy
Zhang, YX (Zhang, Yongxin)  ,  ;
Chen, JJ (Chen, Jiajing)  ,  ;
Shi, LQ (Shi, Linqi)  ,  ,  ;
Ma, FH (Ma, Feihe) 
Therapeutic cancer vaccines, which are designed to amplify tumor-specific T cell responses, have been envisioned as one of the most powerful tools for effective cancer immunotherapy. However, increasing the potency, quality and durability of the vaccine response remains a big challenge. In recent years, materials-based delivery systems focusing on the co-delivery of antigens and adjuvants to enhance cancer vaccination therapy have attracted increasing interest. Among various materials, polymeric nanoparticles (NPs) with different physicochemical properties which can incorporate multiple immunological cues are of great interest. In this review, the recent progress in the design and construction of both ex vivo subunit and in situ cancer vaccines using polymeric NPs is summarized. Especially, we will focus on how these NPs improve the adjuvanticity of vaccines. The design principles of polymeric NPs for ex vivo subunit cancer vaccines and in situ cancer vaccination are also discussed. Finally, we want to briefly discuss molecular chaperones in cancer immunity and the applications of our unique self-assembly mixed shell polymeric micelle-based nanochaperones for cancer vaccines.